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The global airport security market size was USD 10.78 billion in 2019 and is projected to reach USD 11.45 billion by 2027, exhibiting a CAGR of 7.62% during the forecast period.
Airport security systems are equipment used in security checks at airports. They play a crucial role to prevent airports from threats such as terrorists, smugglers, and thieves. Airport management has to implement stringent guidelines provided by respective government of countries and aviation organizations. Series of aircraft hijacking cases between 1969-1971 and 9/11 terrorist attack in 2001 has compelled airport authorities to redesign the security norms for airports and safety of fleets.
One of the major challenges in airport security is to identify how to increase security measures, while minimizing the inconvenience for passengers. Airport security systems and equipment providers across the globe are focusing on research and development activities to develop user-friendly systems with increase in airport and passenger security.
Growing demand for air travel and rising cyber-security attacks at airports are expected to propel the growth of the market. However, high initial costs involved in the design and development of security systems and components and issues related to maintenance of these systems and interoperability are expected to hamper the overall growth of the airport security market.
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Use of Computerized Tomography (CT) Walkways in Baggage Handling at Airports to Propel the Market Growth
Computerized tomography, or CT Scanners, is generally associated with head injuries. The technology is also useful for searching for liquids or dangerous goods in baggage entering the airplane. Due to the noisiness and large size of the scanners, their use has been restricted to only check-in luggage. This system is located away from crowded areas to avoid disruption to passengers at airports. However, recent advancements in the technology has reduced the size and sounds associated with CT scanners.
The concept of CT walkways is replacing the current conveyor belt security system for carry-on luggage. This system can detect any questionable items carried by passengers or in their luggage without removing bags, shoes, and belts during inspection. This will simplify the scanning process and will lead to less operational time at airports.
Implementation of Biometrics at Airports Improve the Operations Efficiency of Airport
Facial recognition technology is becoming increasingly popular in international airports as well as domestic airports across the globe. This technology eliminates paper and conventional data recording system and provides better boarding experience. This technology was mainly used for check-in and exit checks, presently the advance technology has been adopted by individual airports for boarding processes. The self-service solution offers a user-friendly experience, while also enabling high-level automated security checks at airports.
In 2019, Brisbane Airport implemented the Smart Path biometric technology with Air New Zealand passengers, the first to trial the seamless boarding experience. Post the success of the trial of the technology, the Government of Australia has announced plans to automate over 90% of air travel processing by the end of 2020.
Growing Air Passenger Travel to Boost the Market
The growing commercial aviation sector and rising preference of people to the air travel across the globe is expected to boost the airport security system market growth during the forecast period. According to the International Air Transport Association, additional 44% of air passenger traffic is expected to come from China and India in next 10 years. Moreover, Asia Pacific is expected to be the fastest growing region for air passenger travel in next 10 years. Airport authorities are upgrading their conventional security systems to automatic systems to improve the overall efficiency of the boarding process at airport. Thus, this will propel the growth of the market.
Rising Cyber-Security Attacks at Airports Are Expected to Propel the Growth of the Market
Cyber-security is one of the growing concerns for the aviation industry. Over the years, airports across the globe have become highly dependent on critical information and communications systems to run operations, deliver passenger services and maintain communications with respective services. However, this heavy reliance on technology has also increased airport’s exposure to various forms of threats such as cyber-attacks. The rising number and level of sophistication of cyber-attacks against airports securities globally has prompted airports to invest more on cyber-security to safeguard operations and protect the passengers. Thus, this factor will propel the growth of the airport security system market.
High Costs Associated with Airport Security Systems and Components to Hinder Growth
Advanced and automated security systems simplify the process of the boarding at airports. However, huge costs are involved in the design, development, and implementation of these systems into the airports of any country. They require a combination of various subsystems and electronic components to provide the real time data to the airport authority. The development, launch, and maintenance of these systems are costly. Due to the high cost of these systems and required services the airports authorities prefers to outsource the security services to the third party service providers such as Securitas AB, G4S Plc and among others. Therefore, both, the cost and time required for the development and deployment of these systems prove to be a hindrance to the growth of the market across the globe.
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High Demand for Cyber Security Propel the Growth of Airport Security Market
Based on the security type, the market is classified into access control, cybersecurity, perimeter security, screening, surveillance, and others. The cyber security segment is expected to be the fastest growing segment during the forecast period due to rise in demand for safety of crucial aviation related data and increase in demand for services related to cyber security. However, the surveillance systems segment was the largest segment in 2019, owing to the huge investment in surveillance by countries such as the U.S., China, and India.
High Demand for Backscatter X-Ray Systems Segment Propel the Growth of Airport Security Market
Based on system, the market is classified into metal detectors, fiber optic perimeter intrusion, backscatter x-ray systems, cabin baggage screening systems, and others. The backscatter x-ray systems segment is expected to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period due to rise in demand for safety of passengers and luggage security at airports. Whereas, the metal detectors segment was the largest segment in 2019. Rise in the treats infectious disease such as COVID 19, may lead to fuel the demand for airport thermal scanning devices and other electronic security devices in the airport security market during the forecast period to 2027.
Increase in Demand for Smart Airport Will Boost the Growth of the Market
Based on airport model, the market is segmented into airport 2.0, airport 3.0, and airport 4.0. Among these, the airport 4.0 segment is expected to be the fastest-growing segment in the market during the forecast period. Airport 4.0 focuses on connectivity and real-time information by connecting all stakeholders in an integrated digital ecosystem. This growth is attributed to the increasing demand for smart and green airports across the globe and high demand for Internet of Things (IoT)-based systems and equipment, whereas the airport 2.0 segment was the largest segment in 2019.
Increase in Demand for Customization in Airport Security Services to Boost the Market
Based on airport class, the market is divided into class A, class B, and class C. Among these, the class C segment is expected to be the fastest-growing segment of the market during the forecast period. This growth is accredited to the increasing demand for installation of technologically advanced systems at airports and demand for customization of the systems across the globe; whereas the class B segment was the largest segment in 2019.
Asia Pacific Airport Security Market Size, 2019 (USD Billion)
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As per our research, Asia-Pacific is estimated to hold the largest market share with a value of USD 3.82 billion in 2019 and is also expected to be the fastest growing region during forecast period. The region is expected to witness strong growth in the market during the forecast period owing to the significant rise in air traffic in the countries such as China, Singapore, and India. The region is anticipated to witness a robust growth rate during forecast period.
Europe held the second-largest market share in 2019 owing to the high investment in upgrading of conventional systems with technologically advanced security systems and rising demand for smart and green airports in the upcoming years.
In North America, the U.S. is investing on modernizing its airport systems in recent years. In addition to this, the presence of key manufacturers such as Honeywell International Inc., FLIR Systems, and Raytheon Technologies and the governing agency such as Transportation Security Administration (TSA) are driving the market growth in the U.S. Moreover, presence of the biggest international airport, named, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL) airport will propel the growth of the market. In Canada, rising adoption of autonomous security systems centers by the Canadian Army is boosting the market growth in the region.
Furthermore, the market in the Middle East and Africa is anticipated to rise at a significant CAGR, owing to the significant number of suppliers and distributors of security systems in this region. Similarly, increasing investment in the domestic airports in the UAE and Saudi Arabia is expected to drive the market in the Middle East and Africa.
Technologically Advanced Security Systems to Propel the Market
The competitive landscape of this market depicts the domination of selected players such as Thales Group, Honeywell International Inc., FLIR Systems among others. These companies are focusing on designing and developing advanced autonomous security solutions. Moreover, these companies are expanding its geographic reach in Asian countries in the near future.
The airport security market report offers qualitative and quantitative insights on the market and detailed analysis of market size & growth rate for the segments in the market.
An Infographic Representation of Airport Security Market
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Along with this, the report provides an elaborative analysis of market dynamics, emerging trends, and competitive landscape. Key insights offered in the report are the adoption of advanced technology, recent industry developments such as partnerships, mergers & acquisitions, consolidated SWOT analysis of key players, Porter’s five forces analysis, business strategies of leading market players, and macro and micro-economic indicators.
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Value (USD Billion)
By Security Type
By Airport Model
By Airport Class
In 2019, the market was USD 10.78 billion, and it is anticipated to reach USD 11.45 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 7.62% during the forecast period (2020-2027).
In the market, cyber security systems segments are the leading segments.
Some of the driving factors for them market are growing air passenger travel to boost the market and rising cyber-security attacks at airports are expected to propel the growth of the market.
In the market, some of the key players are L3Harris Technologies Inc., Honeywell International Inc., and Thales Group.
In the market, the key players are mainly focusing on establishing a strong supply chain network in high growth regions such as Asia-Pacific. They are also involved in acquisitions and technological collaborations to strengthen their market position. Additionally, they are heavily investing in R&D for designing lightweight, durable, and cost-effective security systems and subsystems.
According to our research study, Use of computerized tomography (CT) walkways in baggage handling at airports to fuel propel the market growth, implementation of biometrics at airports improve the operations efficiency of airport, blockchain, airtificial intelligence and predictive maintenance, robotic assistance, and smart transportation technology.
According to our research study, due the COVID-19 pandemic, airports across the globe have witness drastic decline in the passenger traffic in 1st quarter of the year 2020. Non-aeronautical revenues play a crucial role, as aeronautical revenue alone cannot serve all airport operations and capital cost. For some key airports in Asia Pacific, non-aeronautical revenues are the principal revenue source. For Instance, Asia-Pacific airports derive more than 45% of their revenues from non-aeronautical domain. The sudden drop in passengers has a significant impact on the ecosystem comprising of airports, airliners, suppliers and service providers.
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